According to the risk criteria established by the National Vaccination and Epidemiology Commission, both the risk of becoming seriously ill and dying, as well as the risk of becoming infected and infecting other people, the groups to be vaccinated against COVID-19 were established.
In this way, the elderly who live in a long-stay center, as well as those who work in these places, and the health, police and emergency personnel will be the first to receive the vaccine.
These front-line personnel, who are in the first group to be vaccinated, are made up of: the workers of the Costa Rican Social Security Fund, the Ministry of Health, the personnel who work in private hospitals, the National Emergency Commission, Firefighters. , Red Cross and the police forces of: security, transit, migration, penitentiaries, municipal and OIJ.
Once the vaccination of the first group has been completely completed, it will be transferred to the second and so on.
The second group is made up of people 58 years of age or older, regardless of whether or not they have any risk factors. This age verification will be made through the national or residence card.
The third group is made up of people between 18 and 58 years old who present some risk factor such as: hypertensive, diabetic, heart disease, chronic respiratory disease, chronic kidney disease, obesity grade III and morbid, cancer patients.
In the fourth group will be the officials of the Ministry of Public Education, as well as the private educational sector and the staff of the comprehensive care centers (CAI) and shelters of the National Children’s Trust. In the same way, people deprived of their liberty and the 9-1-1 Emergency System are included.
The last group is made up of the health sciences students and related technicians in clinical fields of the CCSS, as well as the population aged 40 to 57 who do not have other of the risks previously described, but who carry out work activities related to contact with people or impact on the productive sector, such as: agriculture, construction, customer service, restaurants, domestic workers, among others.
The Minister of Health, Daniel Salas indicated that the start and end dates of vaccination for each group will depend on the delivery of vaccines by pharmaceutical companies. He stated that with the vaccination of three million people throughout 2021, 80% of the population that could receive the drug would be protected (excluding minors, pregnant or lactating women, since they do not there is a product of this type indicated for them).
The hierarch also emphasized that both the Pfizer and Astra Zeneca vaccines require two doses, separated between them by 21 days in the first case and 28 days in the second, so it is vital that the population understand that to achieve the immunity, it is necessary that they complete the two-dose schedule and that 15 days must also elapse after the second dose is placed, for the development of antibodies.
For his part, Roberto Arroba, Coordinator of Immunizations of the Ministry of Health and secretary of the National Commission for Vaccination and Epidemiology, indicated that people who have overcome COVID-19 can receive the vaccine, 90 days after having recovered from the disease and complying with the risk criteria described above.
Finally, Arroba indicated that the distribution of the vaccines for each of the groups is made up as follows: the first group 4%, the second group 28%, the third group 52%, the fourth group 5% and the fifth group 11%.