The confluence between the San Juan rivers, Nicaragua, and the Sarapiquí river, Costa Rica, was the scene of one of the decisive events of the so-called National Campaign of 1856-1857.
At noon, on December 22, 1856, the battle of La Trinidad took place, in which the Costa Rican army took up positions on the so-called “Vía del Tránsito”, an interoceanic route that connects the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, through Río San Juan and Lake Nicaragua, which meant the beginning of the end of the filibustering presence in Central America.
This combat is especially remembered for the heroic action of the soldier and farmer from the Villa de Barva de Heredia, Nicolás Aguilar Murillo (1834-1898), the first Costa Rican combatant who attacked the enemy, killed a sentry, captured a cannon and he faced, hand to hand, a group of filibusters. This military offensive by Corporal Aguilar, earned him a reward of 500 pesos, two military decorations: 1892 and 1895, and ratification as a National Hero in 2013.
Regarding the historical importance of this event, the Juan Santamaría Historical Cultural Museum (MHCJS), will present a series of educational publications on its social networks: Facebook and Instagram, about the development of the aforementioned warfare.
The digital publications will be illustrated with the publication: National Episodes “El Combate de La Trinidad”, written by Carlos Vargas Gené (1965), with illustrations by Cecilia Pastor. San Jose Costa Rica. Graphics Arts. This material was recently provided to the MHCJS, courtesy of the local researcher from Alajuela, Ronald Castro Fernández.
The 164th anniversary of the combat of La Trinidad highlights the recent declaration of historical-commemorative interest of this site, promoted by the Costa Rican Morista Academy, the Ministry of Public Education and the Ministry of Culture and Youth.
As reported by the Juan Santamaría Historical and Cultural Museum, the visibility of this historical event is part of an inter-institutional strategy, with a view to enhancing the value of different economic and cultural undertakings, promoted in the Sarapiquí canton.