Juan Rafael Mora Porrás Beyond the Bayonets

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  • The exhibition will start the 4th of December. Also the 44th anniversary of the Historic Museum Juan Santa María. 
  • The exhibition exposes some of the main campaings and works in the collection of the MHCJS. Dating to the last days of the XIX century.


 Juan Rafael Mora Porras 1814- 1860 is one of the most iconic names in the history of Costa Rica. Still respected and admired by the Costa Ricans. Under his lidership Costa Rica fought and won against William Walker and the Filibusters in Nicaragua. During the campaign  of 1856 and 1857. The importance and transcendence of set war in the historical collective mind of the Costa Ricans. Had dim the legacy of the government of “Don Juanito Mora,” Who serve as head of state from 1859 up to 1859

According to some historians. La “Década Morista” [the Decade of Mora]. Several important initiatives took place. That helped the development and modernisation of the laws and institutions of a still recent Costa Rica state.
One of this somehow forgotten history of Don Juanito is the creation of the first Blue Print of the City of San José in 1851. Same year that saw the inauguration of the public lightning of the city. With kerosene lamps. The sign of the first limit agrements between Costa Rica and Panamá (by the time belonging to Colombia) in 1856 and then with Nicaragua in 1858. Just to name a few among many other accomplishes.
Aiming to procure a more comprehensive exposition to the history of such an important character of in the History of Costa Rica The Museum Historico Juan Santa Maria.” Decided to create a temporal exhibition. To better illustrate the importance of the administration Mora Porras. Beyond the war of the 56. And the polemics around the cue of 1859 that ended up with his death in Puntarenas  in 1860.
The inaguration will be this 4th of December at 10:00 am. In the saloon Jose María Cañas Escamilla. In the second floor of the Museum. This date also carries a particular significance to the museum. Since it coincides with the 44th anniversary of its creations by the lay Nº 5619 in 1974. The exhibition “Juan Rafel Mora Porrlas beyond the bayonets. Collects an important amount of pieces of art, documents and other objects. In the collection of the MHCJS and to private individuals. Many dating from the second half of the XIX century and first half of the XX century.  Featuring paintings of both national and foreigners as Henry Etheridge, Tomás Povedano and Lilly Artavia among others. Like a collection of engraves by Jose Ramón Páez. Representing the everyday life of the Costa Ricans in the XIX century. Also samples of weaponery, photographs of the city of San José and relatives of Juanito  Mora.
According to the MHCJS. The elemnts integrated to the museum offer a quick review of the goverment during the decade of 1849 to 1859. Focusing on 4 topics. Economy, Coffee business, Infrastructure and the modernisation of Puntarenas. And the Army in the Costa Rican state.  This topics summarise and collects a sensible idea of the impacts that the government of Juan Rafael Mora Porras had in the life of the Costa Ricans, A very strong and powerful leap forward towards the modernisation of the state, public places and administration capacities of the government.
According tht toe MHCJS this topics were selected to fix and fill some holes in the perecption and general knowledge of the population. Often attribute to the coverage made by the education system while explain this years. The MHCJS also wanted to focus of several lesser known groups during these periods of time. Focusing on women. The main flyer of the activity is an image of Juana Reafela Mora Aguilar. Daughter of Don Juan Rafel Mo9ra, and Ines Aguilar Cueto his wife. Whom by the time of the execution of her husband was pregnant. This image communicates the intangible legacy of the life and works of don Juan Rafael. The MHCJS says.
The museum is loccated in front of El Parque de los Mangos, in Alajuela, Opens to the public from Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 am to 5;30pm. The entrance is free.

Which were the main accomplishments of the government of  1849-1859?

-Beeging of the modernization of the Port and City of Puntarenas.
-Remodeling of el Cuartel de Aritllería de San José.
-New code of Militia,
-Creation of the diocese of San José. The Vatican designated the Bishop Anselmo Llorente y Lafuente as first bishop of Costa Rica
-Construction and inaguration of the “Teatro Mora” in San José
-First blue print of the city of San Jose by Niciolás Gallegos.
-Inauguration of the first public lightning
-Opening of the Fabrica Nacional de Licores.
-Presentation of the music for our National Anthem by Manuel María Gutiérrez.
-Building of the Palacio Nacional.
-Construction of the bulding of La Fabrica Nacional de Licores. Inaugurated in 1856 current base of the Miniterio de Cultura y Juventud.
-Construction of the Santo Tomás University.
-Improvement of the road to Puntarenas. Inaguration of the bridges of “la Gartia” y “Las Damas”.
-Inaguration of the Hospital San Juan de Dios..
-New weaponry and uniforms for the soldiers of the Costa Rican army
-Signature of the “Tratado Calvo-Herrán” first limit agreement between Costa Rica and Panamá.
-Call to arms to fight against William Walker
-William Walker surrendered
-The limit between Nicaragua and Costa Rica were signed Cañas-Jerez
-The Cementerio General was open and put under the supervision of the Hospital San Juan de Dios
-Signature of the “Medina-Cañas” agreement that created the Banco Nacional of Mix Capital
-The government was overthrown  the 14 de august.
Producción – Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría
Reproducción y adaptación – Oficina de Prensa – MCJ / Consecutivo 429 / FEM / 28-11-2018
Translation Paradise Products Costa Rica.

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