In San Rafael de Oreamuno, Cartago, Braulio Carrillo Colina was born on March 20, 1800. He studied Law and graduated as a Lawyer. He is a Magistrate of the Supreme Court of Justice and exercises the Presidency of this high body. He is elect deputy and in 1828 occupies the position of President of the Congress. In addition, it represents Costa Rica in the Federal Congress.
Head of State on two occasions, from 1835 to 1837, assumes the Government for the second time in May 1838 as a result of a coup. The Assembly recognizes him on June 26 and swears him in two days later. He remained in power until 1842, acting with an iron fist, harshly instilling habits of honesty, morality and work. He enthusiastically seeks the development of the country, generating progress and order in the Public Administration.
During their Governments it suppresses the Law of the Ambulance. He firmly fights vagrancy and vice, for which he repeals holidays and religious days with the aim of combating idleness. He canceled the country’s foreign debt and on November 8, 1838, he broke with the Central American Union and declared Costa Rica a “free and independent state.” He built and started the road to Matina, avoiding the country paying high costs when exporting coffee the Pacific.
It also promulgates the so-called General Code of Carrillo, the first national dictation that contains norms of civil and criminal law and their respective procedures, and organizes the judicial system. This is how Don Braulio ends up making the country independent from Spain, because until then Spanish laws were used. It decrees the organization of the courts and tribunals, and establishes customs duties and regulations for public finances and police. In 1842, Francisco Morazán invaded Costa Rica and Don Braulio was overthrown; he went into exile in El Salvador where he was assassinated on March 15, 1845. In 1971, the Legislative Assembly declared him Benemérito de la Patria, and Architect of the Costa Rican State.
Script: Osvaldo Valerín Ramírez.
Taken from the Central Bank of Costa Rica.