The INEC National Household Survey has yielded sad results, the levels of progress in the country have increased to levels similar to those that existed 28 years ago, I am due to the fiscal crisis and aggravated by the Covid19 pandemic, which in 7 months has raised levels unemployment from 12% to 24%
The percentage of households in poverty reaches 26.2%, this is equivalent to 419 783 households, about 83 888 more than the previous year, which corresponds to an increase of 5.2 percentage points compared to 2019, this variation is statistically significant.
THE POOR ARE POORER: INDICATORS OF INTENSITY AND SEVERITY INCREASE
The gap and severity indicators for households living in poverty increase compared to 2019, both for the country as a whole and in the areas of residence.
With respect to the poverty gap – also known as intensity, it shows in a relative way how far the average income of poor households is from the poverty line, that is, it reflects how poor the poor are. For 2020 it stands at 10.1% for the total country, that is, 2.1 p.p. more, compared to 2019. In the urban area this indicator goes from 7.6% to 10.2% between 2019 and 2020, while in households in the rural area it goes from 9.0% in the previous year to 9.8 % this year.
The indicator of poverty severity, for its part, reflects the relative inequality that exists among poor households, that is, it is a measure of income concentration among poor households. The severity of the total country reached 5.7% (1.3 pp more compared to 2019), in urban areas it is 5.8% (1.6 pp more) and in rural areas 5.5% (0 , 6 pp more).