As every year, Liberians refine the preparations for their old and long-awaited tradition: bumping cattle on the Royal Bridge, to take it on a drive through the Calle Real and other roads in the city of Liberia, to the lane of Plaza Camilo Reyes , in Los Angeles neighborhood.
In 2020, the activity summons authorities, horsemen and the general public, on Saturday, March 7, at 12 noon, at the Royal Bridge of Liberia, where the tour will begin.
As detailed by the Center for Cultural Heritage, this March 7 will be the edition of the Tope de toros de Liberia called “de gala”; however, the cap is made several days, every time there is “montadera” (bull riding in the square), during the civic festivities of Liberia. The institution also explained that they originally ran into the bulls that were going to be played that afternoon; however, it is currently a symbolic act, since bulls are not used at the top, but meek cattle, for safety reasons.
This year, the Liberia 2020 Festival Committee and the Association for the Culture of Liberia, increased efforts to organize the Gala Bullfight, and with it, celebrate the new declaration of this manifestation as intangible cultural heritage of Costa Rica, as established the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica in Law 9709, in September 2019. In addition, since 2013 this demonstration received the declaration of intangible cultural heritage Liberian and Guanacaste, through Executive Decree No. 38426-C.
It is certain that this cap is made since at least 1877. This data was found in a document in custody of the National Archive of Costa Rica, through an investigation conducted by María Soledad Hernández, historian of the Cultural Heritage Center.
Tope de Toros, manifestation of intangible cultural heritage. The Tope de Toros de Gala congregates horsemen, masquerades, musical bands and maroons, the queen of the civic festivities and their ladies, in the vicinity of the Royal Bridge, a structure declared historical-architectural heritage. There people arrive from various points to meet the cattle and, at 12 noon, start, between bombers, the drive through Calle Real and the four founding neighborhoods of the canton: Condega, La Victoria, Los Cerros and Los Angeles, until the lane of Plaza Camilo Reyes.
In the Tope de Toros there are diverse cultural manifestations such as: parrandera music interpreted by maroons and marimbas, handicrafts made with horsehair and leather, traditional foods, masquerades or clowns, typical dances and words used by sabaneros, among others.
“We invite participants to take care of the details of the cheerful, partying Liberian spirit; to wear traditional trappings, the colors of the dress that remind us of the sabanero; khaki pants and white shirt, palm and denim hats adorned with mane; horse party implements, presence of the cimarronas vibrating with the sound of the happy parranderas -the own Guanacaste music-, the tremor of the street marimbas and the Creole flavor of our meals such as: ajiaco, corn rice, tamales, yol tamale, stuffed tamale, omelette with cheese and curd, pine nuts, marquesotes and cajeta, ”said Verónica Navarro, president of the Canton Culture Association.
According to data from the Cultural Heritage Center, the Municipality of Liberia and the Association for the Culture of Liberia have guidelines to guarantee the permanence of this manifestation declared by law as of public interest and intangible cultural heritage Liberian, Guanacaste and Costa Rica. The activity is open to the public.